Bilingual Education Supplemental #164
What is the Bilingual Education Supplemental?
This exam is designed to measure your understanding of bilingual education pedagogy, including best teaching practices, current research, language acquisition stages, program models and curriculum.
The test is available year-round, takes up to 5 hours and contains 80 multiple-choice questions.
In addition to testing your knowledge, you will be asked to apply that knowledge to scenarios to choose the best strategy in a certain educational scenario.
What do I need to know to pass?
The most important thing I want to tell you is that you must know more than the definitions, facts, strategies, and legal cases that are found on many flash-card-style study resources.
Here are the standards covered by the test, according to the TExES website.
- Bilingual Education Standard II
The bilingual education teacher has knowledge of the foundations of bilingual education and the concepts of bilingualism and biculturalism.
- Bilingual Education Standard III
The bilingual education teacher knows the process of first and second language acquisition and development.
- Bilingual Education Standard IV
The bilingual education teacher has a comprehensive knowledge of the development and assessment of literacy in the primary language.
- Bilingual Education Standard V
The bilingual education teacher has a comprehensive knowledge of the development and assessment of biliteracy.
- Bilingual Education Standard VI
The bilingual education teacher has a comprehensive knowledge of content-area instruction in L1 and L2.
These standards are broken down into competencies. You can see a summary of these below. Click to learn more about each competency, or read the full text in the preparation manual under the Domains and Competencies section.
- History of bilingual education
The beginning teacher understands the historical background of bilingual education in the United States, including pertinent federal and state legislation, significant court cases related to bilingual education, and the effects of demographic changes on bilingual education.
- LPAC and ELPS
The beginning teacher understands procedures (e.g., Language Proficiency Assessment Committee) for the identification, assessment, and instructional placement of English-language learners, including identification of students’ English-language proficiency levels in the domains of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. These proficiency levels are in accordance with the descriptors for the beginning, intermediate, advanced, and advanced-high levels as described in the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS).
- Global perceptions of bilingualism
The beginning teacher demonstrates an awareness of global issues and perspectives related to bilingual education, including how bilingual education and bilingualism are perceived throughout the world.
- Additive education, acculturation, and assimilation
The beginning teacher understands the importance of creating an additive educational program that reinforces a bicultural identity, including understanding the differences between acculturation and assimilation.
- Equity advocacy
The beginning teacher uses knowledge of the historical, legal, legislative, and global contexts of bilingual education to be an effective advocate for the bilingual education program and to advocate equity for bilingual students.
- Research-based best practices
The beginning teacher understands convergent research related to bilingual education (e.g., best instructional practices as determined by student achievement) and applies convergent research when making instructional decisions.
- Program models
The beginning teacher knows models of bilingual education, including characteristics and goals of various types of bilingual education programs, research findings on the effectiveness of various models of bilingual education, and factors that determine the nature of a bilingual program on a particular campus.
- Instructional strategies and materials
The beginning teacher uses knowledge of various bilingual education models to make appropriate instructional decisions based on program model and design and selects appropriate instructional strategies and materials in relation to specific program models.
- Culturally supportive learning environment
The beginning teacher knows how to create an effective bilingual and multicultural learning environment (e.g., by demonstrating sensitivity to students’ diverse cultural backgrounds and generational/acculturation differences, showing respect for regional language differences, incorporating the diversity of the home into the classroom setting, applying strategies to bridge the home and school cultural environments).
- Cognitive and linguistic learning environment
The beginning teacher knows how to create a learning environment that addresses bilingual students’ affective, linguistic and cognitive needs (e.g., by emphasizing the benefits of bilingualism and biculturalism, selecting linguistically and culturally appropriate instructional materials and methodologies).
- Basic linguistics regarding native language/Spanish (L1) and acquired language/English (L2)
The beginning teacher understands basic linguistic concepts in L1 and L2 (e.g., language variation and change, dialects, register) and applies knowledge of these concepts to support students’ language development in L1 and L2.
- Phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics
The beginning teacher demonstrates knowledge of major language components (e.g., phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntactic features, semantics, pragmatics) and applies this knowledge to address students’ language development needs in L1 and L2.
- Language development stages and theories
The beginning teacher demonstrates knowledge of stages of first- and second-language development and theories/models of first- and second-language development (e.g., behaviorist, cognitive) and understands the instructional implications of these stages and theories/models.
- Instructional methods for teaching L1 and L2
The beginning teacher applies knowledge of linguistic concepts and theories/models of language acquisition to select and implement linguistically and developmentally appropriate instructional methods, strategies, and materials for teaching L1 and L2.
- Making connections between L1 and L2 and their interrelatedness
The beginning teacher understands the interrelatedness and interdependence of first- and second-language acquisition and assists students in making connections between languages (e.g., using cognates, noting similarities and differences).
- ESL methods
The beginning teacher knows and uses effective, developmentally appropriate methodologies and strategies for teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) and for supporting ESL development across all areas of the curriculum, including providing focused, targeted and systematic second-language acquisition instruction to English-language learners (ELLs) in Grade 3 or higher who are at the beginning or intermediate level of English-language proficiency in listening, speaking, reading and/or writing in accordance with the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS).
- Cognitive, linguistic, social, and affective factors that impact language development
The beginning teacher understands cognitive, linguistic, social, and affective factors affecting second-language acquisition (e.g., academic background, length of time in the United States, language status, age, self-esteem, inhibition, motivation, home/school/community environment, literacy background) and uses this knowledge to promote students’ language development in L2.
- Stages of L1 literacy development
The beginning teacher knows common patterns and stages of literacy development in L1 and how to make appropriate instructional modifications to deliver the statewide language arts curriculum in L1 to students at various levels of literacy development.
- Formal and informal literacy assessments
The beginning teacher knows the types of formal and informal literacy assessments in L1 and uses appropriate assessments on an ongoing basis to help plan effective literacy instruction in L1.
- English Language Arts TEKS
The beginning teacher knows the state educator certification standards in reading/language arts in grades EC–12, understands distinctive elements in the application of the standards for English and for L1, and applies this knowledge to promote bilingual students’ literacy development in L1.
- Spanish Language Arts TEKS
The beginning teacher knows the statewide Spanish language arts and reading curriculum for grades EC–6 and ESL middle and high school, as appropriate, as specified in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), and applies this knowledge to promote bilingual students’ L1 literacy development in grades EC–12.
- Transfering literacy from L1 to L2
The beginning teacher knows how to help students transfer literacy competency from L1 to L2 by using students’ prior literacy knowledge in L1 to facilitate their acquisition of L2 literacy, including using explicit instruction to help students make connections between L1 and L2 (e.g., in phonemic awareness, decoding skills, comprehension strategies).
- Using linguistic concepts and ESL techniques in reading instruction
The beginning teacher knows how to apply linguistic concepts (e.g., comprehensible input) and integrate ESL techniques in reading instruction to promote the development of L2 literacy.
- Promoting biliteracy
The beginning teacher knows how to promote students’ biliteracy (e.g., by maintaining students’ literacy in L1 while developing students’ literacy in L2, by using ongoing assessment and monitoring of students’ level of proficiency in oral and written language and reading to plan appropriate literacy instruction in L1 and L2, by including authentic children’s literature in L1 and L2).
- Assessment and linguistic accommodations
The beginning teacher knows how to assess bilingual students’ development of cognitive-academic language proficiency and content-area concepts and skills in both L1 and L2 and to use the results of these assessments to provide appropriate instruction in a manner that is linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, scaffolded) to the students’ levels of English language proficiency to ensure that the student learns the knowledge and skills across all content areas in both L1 and L2.
- Creation of learning experiences that promote the development of both languages
The beginning teacher knows how to create authentic and purposeful learning activities and experiences in both L1 and L2 that promote students’ development of cognitive-academic language proficiency and content-area concepts and skills as defined in the state educator certification standards and the statewide curriculum (TEKS), including developing the foundation of English-language vocabulary, grammar, syntax and English mechanics necessary to understand content-based instruction and accelerated learning of English in accordance with the English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS).
- Integrating language arts skills in all content areas
The beginning teacher knows strategies for integrating language arts skills in L1 and L2 into all content areas and how to use content-area instruction in L1 and L2 to promote students’ cognitive and linguistic development.
- Comprehensible input strategies
The beginning teacher knows various approaches for delivering comprehensible content-area instruction in L2 (e.g., sheltered English approaches, reciprocal teaching) and can use various approaches to promote students’ development of cognitive academic language and content-area knowledge and skills and learning strategies in L2 (e.g., using prior knowledge, metacognition, and graphic organizers) across content areas.
The beginning teacher knows how to differentiate content-area instruction based on student needs and language proficiency levels in L2 and how to select and use a variety of strategies and resources, including technology, to meet students’ needs.
|Exam Dates||Score Report Date|
|7/26/2021 – 8/8/2021||8/20/2021|
|8/23/2021 – 9/5/2021||9/17/2021|
|9/20/2021 – 10/3/2021||10/15/2021|
|10/18/2021 – 10/31/2021||11/12/2021|
|11/15/2021 – 11/28/2021||12/10/2021|
|12/13/2021 – 12/26/2021||1/7/2022|
|1/10/2022 – 1/23/2022||2/4/2022|
|2/7/2022 – 2/20/2022||3/4/2022|
|3/7/2022 – 3/20/2022||4/1/2022|
|4/4/2022 – 4/17/2022||4/29/2022|
|5/2/2022 – 5/15/2022||5/27/2022|
|5/30/2022 – 6/12/2022||6/24/2022|
|6/27/2022 – 7/10/2022||7/22/2022|
|7/25/2022 – 8/7/2022||8/19/2022|